More Indians are becoming obese, the number of undernourished decreases
More Indians are becoming obese as the number of undernourished people in the country has declined, according to a United Nations report. In India, the number of undernourished people increased from 253.9 million in 2004-06 to 194.4 million in 2016-18. However, the number of obese adults increased from 24.1 million in 2012 to 32.8 million in 2016. The number of overweight children (under 5) stood at 2.9 million in 2018. In percentage terms, the prevalence of undernourishment in the total population in India was 22.2% in 2004-06 and 14.5% in 2016-18. The prevalence of wasting in children (under 5 years old) was 20.8% in 2018, while the prevalence of obesity in the adult population was 3% in 2012, rising to 3.8% in 2016. In the Indian Himalayas, the economic downturn, depletion of natural resources and climate change have negatively impacted food production and employment opportunities. This has resulted in increased threats to food security due to declining purchasing power, he added.
More than half of Zimbabweans suffer from hunger
Zimbabwe’s government and donors will need to spend around $ 218 million to fight hunger, which could affect 5.5 million people, or 59 percent of the population. Drought and a poorly performing economy have led to increased food insecurity, according to the Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee report. Harvests between April and June are expected to see the number of people facing hunger drop to around 3.6 million, mostly in rural areas where people depend on subsistence farming. The southern African country will initially need 818,323 tonnes of grain, mostly maize, and an additional 525,000 tonnes to complete the harvest in 2020, the group, known as ZimVAC, said.
Seven things you should know about world hunger
Here are seven things you need to know about world hunger.
1. Globally, 821.6 million people, or 11% of the population, suffer from hunger.
2. Africa has the highest percentage of hungry people in the world, with one in five hungry. The number is nearly one in three in East Africa.
3. Hunger is increasing in many countries where economic growth lags, especially in middle-income countries and those heavily dependent on the export of basic commodities.
4. On all continents, women are more likely to be hungry than men, although the largest gap is in Latin America.
5. There has been no progress since 2012 in reducing low birthweight – when children are born below their optimal weight, which puts them at a higher risk of death or stunted growth.
6. Africa and Asia had the largest share of all forms of malnutrition, accounting for more than nine in ten stunted children – and nearly three-quarters of all overweight children.
7. In upper-middle and high-income countries, people living in households where it is difficult to get enough food are more likely to become obese.